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History of Space Exploration Venera 14 Descent Craft

Venera 14 Descent Craft

Courtesy of NASA's National Space Science Data Center

Launch Date: 1981-11-04

Description

Venera 14 landed at 13° 15 minutes S by 310°, about 950 kilometers southwest of Venera 13. Surface temperature was 465°C and pressure was 94 Earth atmospheres. Venera 14 carried instruments to take chemical and isotopic measurements, monitored the spectrum of scattered sunlight, and recorded electric discharges during its descent phase through the Venusian atmosphere. The spacecraft utilized a camera system, an X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, and a seismometer to conduct investigations on the surface.

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