Olympus [oh-LIM-pus] Mons is the largest volcano known in the solar system. It is classified as a shield volcano, similar to volcanoes in Hawaii. The central edifice of Olympus Mons has a summit caldera 24 kilometers (15 miles) above the surrounding plains. Surrounding the volcano is an outward-facing scarp 550 kilometers (342 miles) in diameter and several kilometers high. Beyond the scarp is a moat filled with lava, most likely derived from Olympus Mons. Farther out is an aureole of characteristically grooved terrain, just visible at the top of the frame.
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